Type-2 diabetes is defined as a chronic condition in which the human bodyís ability to metabolize glucose is affected.
In this type of diabetes, the body either resists the effects of insulin or fails to produce sufficient insulin to ensure that the glucose levels in the body are maintained.
Some of the common early symptoms of diabetes include:
- Frequent urination
- Blurry vision
- Sudden weight loss/gain
Symptoms of type-1 diabetes are:
- Sudden weight loss
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Tiredness or lethargy
Symptoms of type-2 diabetes are:
- Symptoms mentioned for type-1
- Higher rate of infections
- Blurry vision
- Slow healing rate for cuts and bruises
- Numbness in hands/feet
However in some patients Diabetes can be asymptomatic and diagnosed on routine blood test
- Cut down the calories
- Do not skip breakfast
- Increase fibre consumption
- Eat smaller meals
- Set short-term goals
Insulin is nothing but a hormone produced by the pancreas that enables the human body to utilize the glucose from the carbohydrates in the food or store glucose for the future. Moreover, insulin regulates blood sugar levels in the body.
Although typically type-2 diabetes was highly prevalent in adults, it not uncommon to see children with type-2 diabetes. The number of type-2 diabetics in the world is on the rise owing to poor lifestyle and habits.
Type-1 diabetes is common amongst young adults and children and is primarily caused by an autoimmune reaction.
Diabetes management is essential to regulate the blood sugar level in the body and keep it as close to the normal range
You can manage type-2 diabetes by making lifestyle changes such as:
- Controlling your diet
- Exercising regularly
- Regular blood glucose monitoring
- Avoiding complications
The following individuals should get a test done to detect diabetes:
- Individuals with a body mass index (BMI) that is higher than 25
- Individuals with high blood pressure, sedentary lifestyle, abnormal cholesterol level, etc
- Anyone who is above the age of 45 is advised to get a blood sugar screening
- Pregnant women to detect gestational Diabetes
- Individuals who have been diagnosed with prediabetes
- Individuals with family history of Diabetes
But even otherwise healthy people should do regular Blood pressure and Blood sugar levels atleast 6 month or yearly.
Fasting Blood sugar > 126 mg/dl,Post-meal blood sugar >200 mg/dl or HBAIC (glycosylated Haemoglobin) >6.5%,or random blood sugar >200 mg/dl with classic symptoms of diabetes is useful for diagnosis of Diabetes
Type-1 diabetes previously known as insulin-dependent diabetes and often begins in childhood. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas fails to produce sufficient amount of insulin.
Type-2 diabetes previously known as non-insulin dependent diabetes and is prevalent in adults. Although it is milder than type-1 diabetes, it can cause severe complications in the body.
At present, there is definite no cure for diabetes.However with good lifestyle modifications ,diet ,exercise and Medications it can be effectively controlled and Diabetics can lead a near normal life
Diabetes may be asymptomatic in some of the patients ,or may be incidentally detected on routine lab tests .But still it should be treated as for a symptomatic individual .Because even if asymptomatic it can cause Complications to various organs.
In patients with Blood sugar Fasting between 100 to 126 mg/dl , 2 hour Post prandial levels between 140 to 200 mg/dl or HBAIC levels between 5.7 to 6.4 % they are termed as Prediabetes .Correct Diet & lifestyle interventions at this level can halt the progression to overt Diabetes